Hemorrhoids a.k.a. piles are the swollen veins inside and outside the anal canal created due to the increased pressure. They occur regardless of age, sex, and race. Due to the nature of the muscles in the rectal region, hemorrhoids are constantly being squeezed producing a major discomfort, pain, and sometimes, bleeding.
The development of hemorrhoids is attributed to various factors that include constipation, diarrhea, obesity, and pregnancy. Hemorrhoid treatments are necessary to reduce pain and infections. They range from the usual home remedies to surgeries.
Hemorrhoid Treatment: Home Remedy
If your hemorrhoids are small and manageable, you can buy non-prescription drugs and over-the-counter creams or lotions to reduce the pain and swelling. Sitz bath is highly advised to soothe the inflamed tissue. All you need is to sit in warm water on a tab or large container for 10 minutes. You dont need to add any ingredients or solutions to the water.
Avoid straining when defecating because this could rip the nerves to bleed. Therefore, make sure that your diet has enough fiber content. Eating fruits and vegetables, adding a fiber supplement, and drinking plenty of water (6 to 8 glasses a day) is highly encouraged. If you are constipated take laxatives to loosen the stools a bit. Engaging in a mild exercise routine, roughly between 20 and 30 minutes, promotes a regular bowel movement.
Rubber Band Ligation
When creams and ointments are futile, as in the case of large hemorrhoids, putting a rubber band around the base it could get rid of it. Oftentimes, this is carried out under local anesthesia. The idea is to cut the supply of blood to the swollen veins, and then waiting for it to die.
If you have internal hemorrhoids, and they are bleeding, sclerotherapy might be your best option. The treatment uses a solution injected around the area of the hemorrhoid. Sclerosants will destroy the hemorrhoid causing it to slough off later on
Infrared photocoagulation is yet another alternative hemorrhoid treatment thats picking up a pace. Though this treatment presents fewer complications and only useful for small hemorrhoids, it is still popular because its painless. It uses infrared light to destroy and shrink the hemorrhoid, though, some reports indicate that the frequency of hemorrhoids coming back is relatively high.
The purpose of the staples is to treat bleeding and internal hemorrhoids that fall out of place. It is done under general anesthesia, much more painful than rubber band ligation, but the recovery time is fairly quick.
If all the non-invasive treatments fail, the last option is to remove the hemorrhoidal tissues through surgery. Complications are high, and the patient may temporarily experience constipation and difficulty peeing.